Published on August 23rd, 2015 | by Mike4
Common Mirena Side Effects
Mirena is an intrauterine device (IUD) that is used to provide continuous birth control for up to 5 years. The t-shaped device is inserted into the uterus through the cervix, where it remains, releasing a small amount of hormones that thin the lining of the uterus, prevent fertilization and prevent implantation.
Mirena is also the only IUD that has been approved for use for treating heavy periods. In most women, it slows the rate of bleeding each month, sometimes even stopping it all together. For women who suffer with heavy periods, this can prevent problems with anemia and allow them more freedom in their lives by not having to plan everything around their periods.
Despite all of the benefits of Mirena, there are also a number of side effects. Some of the most common include the following:
— Unpredictable bleeding after insertion. As your body adjusts to the Mirena, you may experience strange bleeding. This usually resolves after about six months of having the device in place. During that time, however, you may have continuous spotting or heavier bleeding. However, once you make it through the initial adaptation period, your periods should slow or stop all together.
— Pelvic pain. For some women, the Mirena causes pain in the lower abdomen. This pain may be continuous, or it may be related to certain activities such as having sex or playing sports. The pain may also radiate to your back.
— Ovarian cysts. One of the most common side effects of Mirena is the development of ovarian cysts. These cysts typically resolve after the device is removed.
— Loss of libido. Some women find that they are less interested in sex after having the device inserted. However, some women also find the opposite — most likely due to the fact that they can have sex without worrying about getting pregnant.
— Bloating and weight gain. Many women report bloating in their lower abdomen, sometimes even to the point that it makes them look slightly pregnant. Others report slow, but steady weight gain over the time that the device is in place. In many cases, this weight gain doesn’t seem to respond to diet or exercise.
— Headaches or migraines. Women who already suffer with migraines may find that they experience them more frequently while they have the Mirena. Additionally, many women suffer from frequent headaches.
— Nervousness and anxiety. Another commonly experienced side effect is an increase in anxiety or general nervousness. This can range from a mild feeling of unease to full-blown panic attacks.
— Loss of hair or changes in hair growth. Many women find that they experience hair loss while on Mirena. Some also find that they have increased body hair.
— Perforation or embedding of the device into the wall of the uterus. Sometimes the device can become embedded into the wall of the uterus, or can even perforate the uterus and enter the abdominal cavity. In these cases, it will need to be surgically removed.
— Changes in mood. Many women find that their personalities change while on Mirena. They may be angrier than usual or have a shorter fuse. Alternatively, they may become depressed, losing their enthusiasm and zest for life.
— Itchy skin or unexplained rashes. Some patients also find that Mirena makes their skin itchy or that they develop unexplained rashes.
— Food intolerances or digestive issues. Although not common, some women also develop food intolerances. They may find that foods that they could once eat without concern suddenly start giving them digestive problems.
These are just a few of the most common side effects of Mirena. Before getting the device, be sure to talk with your doctor about whether or not it is the right choice for you.